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Kodi Mungaone Kuwala? Ndili ndi Lenti Yoyenera!


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Layard lens (aka The Nimrud Lens)

Layard lens (aka The Nimrud Lens)

Lens lakale kwambiri lopangidwira, lofikira, ndi Layard Lens (aka: "Nimrud Lens"); Inapezeka ndi AH Layard mu 1853 ndipo ili pafupi zaka 3000 (za 750BC-710BC mu Ufumu wa Neo-Asuri). Iyo inapezeka mu Kalhu, mzinda wa Tiglath-pileser waufumu (mu tsiku lamakono, ndizo

Nimrud ku Iraq) ku North West Palace. Wakafukufukuyo anagwiritsira ntchito ngati galasi lokwezera wakale komanso / kapena kuyamba moto wawung'ono. Pakalipano, ikuwonetsedwa ku British Museum; Wosungira sangakhale wotsimikiza za kafukufuku wa Lanyards wa chojambulacho, komabe, ndipo akuganiza kuti zikanangokhala zokongoletsera. Mwachidziwitso kapena ayi, komabe, izo is Lens, ngakhale kuti n'zosadabwitsa.

Ngati muli ndi Latin ku sukulu ya sekondale kapena koleji, mwina mwazindikira kale kuti mawu akuti "lens" amachokera ku "Lentil"

Nyemba yamodzi yokhala ndi lenti (Zindikirani chithunzithunzi chokhazikika)

Nyemba yamodzi yokhala ndi lenti (Zindikirani chithunzithunzi chokhazikika)

(Nyemba ndi mawonekedwe owirikiza). Malembo akale Achigiriki, Aroma ndi Aigupto onse amanena za "magalasi oyaka moto" ndi "kutukula magalasi." Choyamba, kutchulidwa koyambirira (zomwe zingakhale) zowonongeka zinali za Emperor Nero.

Titadutsa zaka chikwi, timapeza umboni wochuluka m'madera apakatikati a Ulaya a microscopes, ma telescopes, ndi mawonedwe. Kulankhula za izi: kodi munamva za optometrist amene adagwa mujekesi ya lens ndi kudziwonetsera yekha? Pepani, sindinathe onani Njira ya mutu uwu popanda kuukitsa kansalu wakale uja. Chikumbutso chimakhutitsidwa, ife tikhoza tsopano kupita patsogolo.

Sizinapangitse mpaka 1733, kuti phokoso lotsatila la ma lens liwonekere; Ndi pamene Chester Moore Hall anapanga lendi achromatic lens ku England. Iye

Peter Dollard's apochromat lens (used in telescopes)

Mlingo wa Peter Dollond wa apochromat (wogwiritsidwa ntchito mu telescopes)

Analephera kufufuza mosamala nkhaniyo, komabe, zomwe zinayambitsa zochitika zambiri zomwe zinapezeka kuti zinapezeka mwa 1758 ndi katswiri wa zamagetsi osiyanasiyana: John Dollond. Pogwiritsa ntchito 1763, Peter Dollard (mwana wa Yohane) adayambitsa kusintha kwazinthu zomwe adazitcha kuti apochromat.

Chinthu chachikulu chotsatira mu kuwala komwe kunachitika chinali kusinthika kwa chiphunzitso chamakono cha kuwala; Asayansi angapo, madokotala, akatswiri a sayansi, akatswiri, ndi akatswiri a masamu anaphatikizidwa mu kuyesera ndi kulingalira. Chofunika koposa, Thomas Young (England) ndi AJ Fresnel (France), akukonzekera chiphunzitso chowunika cha kuwala. James Clerk Maxwell (Scottish), ali ndi magetsi opangira magetsi ku 1864, pamodzi ndi ntchito yake pa zithunzi zoyambirira panthawi yomweyi (pafupi ndi 1860). Max Planck (Germany) ndi ake Quantum Chiphunzitso cha 1900 chinathandiza kufotokoza kuwala; Albert Einstein (potsirizira pake United States) mu 1905 inapititsa patsogolo Mapark kufotokozera kuwala, kutitengera ife Photon.

1.5inch Dual Monopulse Gaussian Optics Lens ndi Dehron.com

1.5inch Dual Monopulse Gaussian Optics Lens ndi Dehron.com

Kupita patsogolo Quantum Ma mechanics anafotokoza zambiri za kuwala kwa 1935.

Ndi anthu onse ofunika kwambiri omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mfundo zowona, ndizofunika kuti musataye mtima wina woganiza bwino pogwiritsa ntchito lens. Carl Friedrich Gauss, katswiri wa masamu wa ku Germany, wathandizira zambiri pa lenti yamakono, komanso kumvetsetsa kwake. Wake Dioptrische Untersuchungen Anatiphunzitsa zambiri, kuphatikizapo chiwongolero cha chiwongolero cha mawonekedwe ndi Gaussian Optics.

Kwa zaka zotsatira za 100, ntchito yake inathandizira kutsogolera lens kupanga, makamaka kufotokoza kwa zipilala zisanu zazikuluzikulu zamagalasi (astigmatism, coma, distortion, curvature, ndi zozungulira).

Ngakhale kuti mawuwa agwiritsidwa ntchito pamaso a diso, amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'maganizo a optics, ndipo ndithudi mu chirichonse chimene chimafuna lens kumaso (chithunzi) makamera kupita magalasi - zomwe zimatifikitsa ku lens zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito lero mu digito Makamera avidiyo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi malo osindikizira ndi ena odziwa ntchito.

Canon CN-E14.5-60mm T2.6 L Lensulo SP

Canon CN-E14.5-60mm T2.6 L Lensera SP

Osadandaula, Canon Ali ndi zambiri zoti azipereka mu dipatimenti ya lens. CN-E14.5-60mm T2.6 L SP (yokhala ndi PL PL kapena EF mount) imapereka chithunzi chokwanira choposa. Ndi makina a zoom 4.1x mu Super 35mm Mapangidwe, akuwongolera mozama kuti apange optic yomwe ikupezeka. Canon Kumakumana nthawi zonse kapena kupitirira miyezo yamakampani apamwamba. Ulemu nthawi zonse umakwatirana kuti ukhale nawo Canon Mankhwala; Mphete zothandizira zimathandiza kuti mukhale osakanikirana ndi mpeni pazenera ili ndi kumbuyo kwa flange njira yowonongeka yomwe ikukumana ndi zosowa za kanema. Lens ili lochititsa chidwi la 4K liri ndi makina aakulu omwe amathandiza kuti aziwongolera zithunzi zake. Chifukwa cha luso labwino, kulingalira bwino kumafuna kusintha kokha. Mbali khumi ndi imodzi yokhala ndi chingwe chowongolera chimapangitsa kuganizira kwakukulu.

Chotsimikizirika china chotsimikizika Canon Ndi CN-E30-300mm T2.95-3.7 L SP (yomwe ili ndi PL PL kapena EF mount) - pamwamba pa Super 35mm Mapangidwe ndi zopambana zosaneneka ndi telephoto focal kutalika. Zambiri mwazochitika mu CanonMapulogalamu apamwamba otsiriza amapeza njira zawo muzipangizo zawo zambiri; Monga lenti yapitayi ichi, nayenso, ali ndi zizindikiro zoonekera kumbali zonse za malo ozungulira kuti zikhale zosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito ngakhale kuchokera kumbali ina. Canon Akatswiri amapanga makasitomalawo HD Zoyembekeza mozama. Kupanga zojambula mu galasi kumaphatikizapo kufalikira ndi kuvomereza, kubwezeretsa zolakwitsa zomwe zimayambitsa chilengedwe.

Lini-Xenar III ya Schneider-Kreuznach Group (Set of Six)

Lini-Xenar III ya Schneider-Kreuznach Group (Set of Six)

Kugonjera kwa Gulu la Schneider-Kreuznach ku kusankha kwa mapulitsi apamwamba kwambiri ndi CineXenar III (yachisanu ndi chimodzi) Prime Lenses. Zojambula zawo zogwiritsidwa ntchito mosamala kwambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka pa kanema ndi makamera a kanema. Zokhazikika, zokhala ndi mawonekedwe opangidwa ndi telecentric opambana, zochitika za bokeh ndi zodabwitsa komanso ZachilengedweXenar III ali ndi T-stop yofulumira (momwe mungayembekezere mu mzere wotchuka kwambiri wa magalasi). Zimakhalanso zodula mtengo, poganizira khalidwe labwino.

Sony SCL PK6 / F CineAlta 4K Lens kit

Sony SCL PK6 / F CineAlta 4K Lens kit

SonyZopereka zapangidwe kumapangidwe athu apamwamba kwambiri ndizitsulo zina za 6 lens. Chida cha SCLPK6 / F CineAlta 4K chimaphatikizapo 20mm / 25mm / 35mm / 50mm / 85mm ndi 135mm malonda. Zogwirizana ndi makamera ndi Arri PL mount system, ma lens ndi 4K omwe ali ndi zomangamanga zitsulo komanso chinthu chimodzi chokha. Kuwonjezera pa kukhala T2 wothandizira, aliyense ali ndi iris ya 9. Owala kapena ofewa, Sony Imatenga zithunzi zanu molondola.

Cinema ya Red Digital ili ndi lenti lamtundu wambiri ya ma cinema. Zochitika zamakono zatsopano zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchito zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito ma Lensiti ofiira ndi awa: The Hobbit Trilogy, Annabelle, Avengers: Zaka za Ultron, Enders Game, Pompeii, Elysium, 300 Kufika kwa Ufumu, & Transformers: Age of Extinction, kutchula mafilimu a 10 okha. Ofiira amachitanso zomwe opanga mapulogalamu ena apamwamba amapanga, ndipo amachita bwino kwambiri kuti apeze malo apamwamba.

Primo Prime Lens ya Panavision ndi osintha masewera; Iwo afika ngakhale kupeza masewera angapo a Academy. Zokonzedwe izi ndi zinthu zamatabwa zam'mwamba; Iwo

Primo Prime Lenses ya Panavision

Primo Prime Lenses ya Panavision

Zimapangitsanso kuwala ndi kusakanikirana kwa mafano ena pogwiritsa ntchito primo lens. Kuwombera, kugwedezeka, ndi kunyezimira kumavuta mosavuta ndi Primo Prime Lenses; Ndi abwino kwa makamera ndi mafilimu. Mizere yayitali kuchokera ku 10 kufika ku 150 Milimita ndipo iliyonse ya mapulogalamuwa ndi ofanana ndi 1.4x Primo Extender, yomwe imathetsa kuwonetsa kwathunthu. Ndi primo lens yoyenera ndi malo oyenera, mungathe kuganizira ngakhale pamtunda wosachepera 2 kuchokera kutsogolo kwa lens.

Primo Classic Series Pulogalamu Yaikulu ya Panavision imapangitsa kusankha kosavuta pakati pa zovuta kwambiri zomwe zimakhala zovuta kusintha (ndi miyeso yosinthika) ndi ntchito yosiyana kwambiri. Zogwirizana kwambiri ndi mapiritsi ena amtengo wapatali komanso osowa kwambiri, pafupi-macro akuyang'ana n'zotheka pazifukwa zabwino; Aliyense amatha kugwiritsira ntchito fyuluta yam'mbuyo (kutsogolo). Malonda awa amachokera ku 21 millimeters kufika ku 125 millimeters. Zojambula zamagalasi za Panavision (zowonjezera) zimapatsa chisomo cha 21, 27, 35, 50, ndi XLUMX millimeter lens mu mankhwalawa; Zonse zisanu zaikidwa kuti zikhale T100 liwiro. Zithunzi 1.9, 24, 30, 65, ndi XmUMX millimeter ndipo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi T85 kapena T125 mofulumira ndipo zingasinthe kuchokera ku lakuthwa mpaka zosavuta mkati Kuwombera. Cam kuyendetsa njira zonse zowonjezera ku china chilichonse kupitirira 3 mapazi ndi pafupi-macro kulingalira. Makina a 2 aatali kwambiri omwe amapezeka mndandanda (IE ya 100 millimeter, ndi 125 millimeter) amagwiritsanso ntchito zipangizo zamakono.

Kuchokera mu ufumu wakale wa Asuri kupyolera mu masiku amasiku ano, magalasi apita patsogolo ndikuthandizira njira yomwe timawonera dziko lapansi. Zomwe mafilimu athu ojambula zithunzi adawonekera komanso apamwamba, makulisi adatithandiza kuwerengera kukula kwathu komweko monga mpikisano wokhala ndi zithunzi zosavuta. Mapulogalamu mu telescopes angatibweretsere nyenyezi kuchokera kumwamba, ndi makilogalamu mu makamera athu angatithandize kutengera nyenyezi zathu kwa omvera athu.


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Ryan Salazar

Mkonzi-Mkulu, Wofalitsa at Beat Magazine, LLC.
Ryan anayamba kugwira ntchito pa makampani opanga masewera ndi masitolo pamsinkhu wa zaka khumi ndi ziwiri! Iye wapanga mapulogalamu a kanema, adamanga malo akuluakulu opangira ntchito, olemba mabuku ena opanga makampani ndipo anali womangamanga kwa zaka pafupifupi khumi. Ryan poyamba analemba kwa Broadcast Engineering Magazine, Creative COW ndi ntchito zake zafotokozedwa m'mabuku ambirimbiri.
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